Cultural Perceptions and Acceptance of Genetically Modified Foods: A Cross-Cultural Survey Analysis

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Hafiz Muhammad Umer Maqsood
Haseeb Ur Rehman
Sana Kamran


Objective: This study aimed to analyze the cultural perceptions and acceptance of genetically modified (GM) foods across diverse global regions, exploring the influence of demographic factors on these perceptions.

Methods: Employing a cross-sectional survey design, data were collected through both structured questionnaires and semi-structured interviews from participants in North America, Europe, Asia, and Africa. Stratified random sampling ensured representation across various demographic groups, including age, education, and income levels.

Results: Quantitative analysis revealed significant regional differences in GM food acceptance: North America (80%), Asia (75%), Europe (40%), and Africa (35%). Qualitative data highlighted prevalent themes such as environmental and health concerns, which were more pronounced in regions with lower acceptance rates. Demographic factors such as higher education and income correlated positively with acceptance, particularly evident in North America and Asia.

Discussion: The findings suggest that cultural norms and educational background significantly influence the acceptance of GM foods. The disparity in acceptance rates across regions underscores the complex interplay between local values and global technological advancements.

Limitations: The study's reliance on self-reported data may introduce bias, potentially skewing perceptions. Additionally, language translations could affect the subtleties of respondents' attitudes and opinions.

Conclusion: The global debate on GM foods is deeply influenced by cultural and socioeconomic factors. Understanding these dynamics can aid policymakers and educators in crafting more effective communication strategies to address public concerns and misconceptions about GM foods.

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Author Biographies

Hafiz Muhammad Umer Maqsood, Healing Hands, Lahore Pakistan

Healing Hands, Lahore Pakistan

Haseeb Ur Rehman, University of Central Lancashire, UK.

University of Central Lancashire, UK.

Sana Kamran, National Hospital, Gujranwala Pakistan

National Hospital, Gujranwala Pakistan