Environmental Policy and Sustainable Development: A Comparative Analysis of Impact in Developed and Developing Nations

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Asad Aziz
Syeda Maira Zaidi
Muhammad Bin Zia


This study presents a comparative analysis of environmental policies in developed and developing nations, examining their impacts on sustainable development through a framework that incorporates ecological modernization theory and policy convergence. Utilizing a stratified sampling of 12 countries, complemented by both qualitative interviews and quantitative data analysis, the research revealed significant differences in policy effectiveness. Developed nations demonstrated advanced technological integration and regulatory frameworks, enabling a reduction of carbon emissions by an average of 18% over the past decade. In contrast, developing nations, while constrained by financial and institutional limitations, showcased innovative community-driven initiatives that increased local biodiversity by up to 15%. The study underscores the necessity for tailored environmental policies that consider specific national contexts and advocates for enhanced international collaboration, particularly in technology transfer and capacity building. The findings call for a nuanced understanding of policy mechanisms and their global interdependencies, suggesting that the path to sustainable development requires both localized action and global cooperation.

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Author Biographies

Asad Aziz, Forrest General Hospital, USA

Forrest General Hospital, USA

Syeda Maira Zaidi, Working as FCP, Band 7 (First Contact Physiotherapist) Pure Physiotherapy, UK.

Working as FCP, Band 7 (First Contact Physiotherapist) Pure Physiotherapy, UK.

Muhammad Bin Zia, Superior University Lahore

Clinical Instructor, Superior University Lahore